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Sunday Eucharist in the Early Church-St. Justin Martyr

Sunday Eucharist in the Early Church

St. Justin Martyr,

Early Church Father



Sunday Eucharist, St. Justin Martyr, Early Church FatherThis famous passage from the First Apology of St. Justin Martyr (Cap. 66-67: PG 6, 427-431) is used in the Roman Catholic Office of Readings for the third Sunday of Easter with the accompanying biblical reading of Revelation 6:1-17).  Reflecting the way the Eucharist was celebrated in Rome about 150 AD, only about 55 years after the last New Testament books, it makes clear several important things:

1) the Eucharist was interpreted in a very realistic way in the early church

2) it was the principal, weekly worship celebration of the Christian Church

3) it took place on Sunday, not on Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath

4) the meaning of the Eucharist and manner of its celebration was handed down by the apostles


No one may share the Eucharist with us unless he believes that what we teach is true, unless he is washed in the regenerating waters of baptism for the remission of his sins, and unless he lives in accordance with the principles given us by Christ.

We do not consume the eucharistic bread and wine as if it were ordinary food and drink, for we have been taught that as Jesus Christ our Savior became a man of flesh and blood by the power of the Word of God, so also the food that our flesh and blood assimilates for its nourishment becomes the flesh and blood of the incarnate Jesus by the power of his own words contained in the prayer of thanksgiving.

The apostles, in their recollections, which are called gospels, handed down to us what Jesus commanded them to do. They tell us that he took bread, gave thanks and said: Do this in memory of me. This is my body. In the same way he took the cup, he gave thanks and said: This is my blood. The Lord gave this command to them alone. Ever since then we have constantly reminded one another of these things. The rich among us help the poor and we are always united. For all that we receive we praise the Creator of the universe through his Son Jesus Christ and through the Holy Spirit.

On Sunday we have a common assembly of all our members, whether they live in the city or the outlying districts. The recollections of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as there is time. When the reader has finished, the president of the assembly speaks to us; he urges everyone to imitate the examples of virtue we have heard in the readings. Then we all stand up together and pray.

On the conclusion of our prayer, bread and wine and water are brought forward. The president offers prayers and gives thanks to the best of his ability, and the people give assent by saying, “Amen”. The eucharist is distributed, everyone present communicates, and the deacons take it to those who are absent.

The wealthy, if they wish, may make a contribution, and they themselves decide the amount. The collection is placed in the custody of the president, who uses it to help the orphans and widows and all who for any reason are in distress, whether because they are sick, in prison, or away from home. In a word, he takes care of all who are in need.

We hold our common assembly on Sunday because it is the first day of the week, the day on which God put darkness and chaos to flight and created the world, and because on that same day our savior Jesus Christ rose from the dead. For he was crucified on Friday and on Sunday he appeared to his apostles and disciples and taught them the things that we have passed on for your consideration.


Be sure to check out these other wonderful readings about the Eucharist in the Early Church:


Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist in the Early Church--St. Cyril of Jerusalem




This is My Body -- St. Ambrose on Eucharistic Consecration



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Feast of Faith -

The Transforming Power of the Eucharist

Feast of Faith, Resource on EucharistPope John Paul II, decreed the last year of his pontificate a special "year of the Eucharist."  Make the most of this opportunity with "The Feast of Faith," an enlightening, four-part adult faith formation series on the history and theology of the Roman Catholic Mass.  The Feast of Faith is guaranteed to answer the question "What is the Eucharist?" and unlock the life-changing power of the Blessed Sacrament in your life and in the lives of those you teach. Be sure to order the Feast of Faith Workbook, full of engaging activities on the Holy Eucharist, so you can get the most out of this amazing Series dedicated in honor of John Paul II, the Pope of the Eucharist!  The series contains four lesson plans on the Sacrament of the Eucharist:

 Lesson One – Sacrifice – how the Mass is a true sacrifice, the “re-presentation” of Jesus’ sacrifice on the Cross.

 Lesson Two – Real Presence – The uniqueness of the presence of Jesus’ body and blood under the forms of bread and wine is contrasted with the other ways he is present in the world. Out need to be properly prepared to receive Jesus in the Eucharist is discussed in…

 Lesson Three – Preparation – to get more out of the Mass, we need to bring more to it-- more faith, more appetite, more repentance, and more forgiveness. Finally…

 Lesson Four – Adoration – puts personal prayer together with Sacrament of the Eucharist, explaining the meaning and purpose of Eucharistic adoration and offering practical ways we can spend fruitful time before our Eucharistic Lord. 

A must-have series for teen religion, RCIA and Parish Adult Faith Formation programs!


 Feast of Faith DVD - $49.95                                 Feast of Faith – CD - $19.95

Feast of Faith – Audio Tape - $19.95          Feast of Faith Workbook - $6.95 


Don't forget to purchase the work book/study guide which is designed for individuals, study groups, and religious education classes. It is chock- full of quotes from Scripture, Church teaching, and great saints on the meaning and power of the Holy Eucharist.  

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