St. Maximus the Confessor
This selection from the chapters On Charity by Saint Maximus the confessor (Chapters on Charity Centuria 1, cap. 1, 4-5, 16-17, 23-24, 26-28, 30-40; PG 90, 962-967) makes clear the nature of true charity or love of God (one of the theological virtues), and affirms that it is not by faith alone that we secure our salvation, but also by a positive act of love of God expressed in good works, particularly in long-suffering service to our neighbor. This reflection on caritas (agape) is used in the Roman Catholic Office of readings for Sunday of the 7th week in ordinary time with the accompanying biblical reading taken from Eccelesiastes 1:1-18.
Charity [caritas or agape in Greek] is a right attitude of mind which prefers nothing to the knowledge of God. If a man possesses any strong attachment to the things of this earth, he cannot possess true charity. For anyone who really loves God prefers to know and experience God rather than his creatures. The whole set and longing of his mind is ever directed toward him.
For God is far superior to all his creation, since everything which exists has been made by God and for him. And so, in deserting God, who is beyond compare, for the inferior works of creation, a man shows that he values God, the author of creation, less than creation itself.
The Lord himself reminds us: Whoever loves me will keep my commandments. And this is my commandment: that you love one another. So the man who does not love his neighbor does not obey Godís command. But one who does not obey his command cannot love God. A man is blessed if he can love all men equally. Moreover, if he truly loves God, he must love his neighbor absolutely. Such a man cannot hoard his wealth. Rather, like God himself, he generously gives from his own resources to each man according to his needs.
Since he imitates Godís generosity, the only distinction he draws is the personís need. He does not distinguish between a good man and a bad one, a just man and one who is unjust. Yet his own goodness of will makes him prefer the man who strives after virtue to the one who is depraved.
A charitable mind is not displayed simply in giving money; it is manifested still more by personal service as well as by the communication of Godís word to others: In fact, if a manís service toward his brothers is genuine and if he really renounces worldly concerns, he is freed from selfish desires. For he now shares in Godís own knowledge and love. Since he does possess Godís love, he does not experience weariness as he follows the Lord his God. Rather, following the prophet Jeremiah, he withstands every type of reproach and hardship without even harboring an evil thought toward any man.
For Jeremiah warns us: Do not say: ďWe are the Lordís templeĒ. Neither should you say: ďFaith alone in our Lord Jesus Christ can save meĒ. By itself faith accomplishes nothing. For even the devils believe and shudder.
No, faith must be joined to an active love of God which is expressed in good works. The charitable man is distinguished by sincere and long-suffering service to his fellow man: it also means using things aright.
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The Early Church Fathers
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