Paterno Iam Diu





V enerable Brethren, Health and Apostolic Benediction.

It was the expectation and hope of Our paternal heart that, once the terrible conflict was at an end and the spirit of Christian charity restored, the regions desolated by famine and misery, especially in Central Europe, might little by little improve their condition, thanks to the united efforts of all good men. But this Our hope has not been realized by events. As a matter of fact, information reaches Us from all sides that those populous regions are deprived of food and clothing to a degree beyond all imagination, so that a most lamentable decay of health is the result among the less hardy, and especially among the children. This their misfortune afflicts Our heart all the more as they are altogether innocent and even ignorant of the sanguinary conflict which has desolated almost the whole world; and, moreover, they represent the germs of the future generations, which cannot but feel the effects of their debilitation.

  1. Nevertheless, Our distress has been somewhat relieved by learning that men of good will have banded themselves in societies in order to “save the children.” We have not hesitated to approve and confirm with Our authority, as was fitting, this noble plan. Indeed, it corresponds with the grave duty of affection which We feel towards that tender age which is most dear to our Divine Redeemer, and which has least strength to bear and suffer ills. In fact, We had done this formerly. You will remember that at no distant date we endeavoured with Our means to succour the little children in Belgium who were in extremity of hunger and of misery, and recommended them to the public charity of Catholics. The generosity of the latter was such that in great part it was owing to it that it was possible to provide for the necessities of so many innocent children and to preserve their life and health. In fact, as soon as We had addressed Our exhortation for this noble purpose to the Episcopate of the United States of America, Our desires were generously met by the widest correspondence. We record this happy result today, not only to pay the tribute of Our praise to men worthy of being remembered in the annals of Christian charity, but also by Our voice and authority to invite the Bishops of the whole world to take steps in order to carry into effect Our proposal, and for this purpose to employ all their prestige with their flocks. With the approach of the season of Christmas, commemorating the birth of Our Lord Jesus Christ, our thoughts spontaneously fly to the poor little children, especially in Central Europe, who are most cruelly feeling the wants of the necessities of life; and We embrace this tender age with all the more solicitude inasmuch as it more exactly recalls the image of the Divine Infant supporting for love of men in the cave at Bethlehem the rigour of winter and the want of all things. No other circumstance could be more opportune than this to induce Us to solicit for innocent children the charity and pity of Christians and of all who do not despair of the salvation of the human race.
  2. Wherefore, Venerable Brethren, with the purpose of attaining in your respective dioceses the object of which We have spoken, We direct that on next December 28, the feast of the Holy Innocents, you should order public prayers and gather the alms of the faithful. In order to help on a larger scale so many poor children in this-most noble competition of charity, in addition to money it will be necessary to gather food, medicines and clothing, all of which are so greatly wanting in these regions. We need not delay in explaining how such offerings may be conveniently divided and forwarded to their destination. This task may be confided to the committees which have been formed for this object, and may provide for it in any manner whatsoever.
  3. Finally, We trust that the exhortation which, moved by duty of that universal fatherhood which God has confided to Us, We have made, although addressed principally to Catholics, may be benevolently listened to by all who have the sentiments of humanity. Moreover, in order to afford an example to others, notwithstanding the continual requests for help which reach Us from all sides, We have determined, to the extent of Our means, to contribute to the relief of these poor children the sum of 100,000 lire.
  4. Meanwhile, as an auspice of the happy results which We expect from your benevolence, We impart with all affection to you, Venerable Brethren, and to your clergy and people, the Apostolic Benediction.

Given at St. Peter’s, Rome, on the 24th of November, in the year 1919, in the sixth of Our Pontificate.

Pope Benedict XV

Giacomo della Chiesa was born in Pegli, Italy, in 1854, the son of a Italian noble family. After becoming a priest in 1878, he was called into Vatican diplomatic service and was named Papal Nuncio to Spain. He was later called back to the Vatican to assume the post of privy chamberlain, then secretary of state in 1901. In 1907, Pope Piux X appointed him Archbishop of Bologna then, in 1914, Cardinal. Upon the death the Pope St. Pius X a few months later, he was elected and took the name Benedict XV. Given that he was elected in 1914 immediately after the outbreak of World War I and that he died only 4 years after its conclusion, his pontificate in large part was colored by the difficult task of pastoring a world and Church torn asunder by the greatest armed conflict that had ever occurred up to that time.

Pope Benedict, of course, maintained a position of strict neutrality throughout this “war to end all wars.” His protests against the use of poison gas displeased both sides. He sent a representative to each country to work for peace, and in 1917 delivered the Plea for Peace, which demanded a cessation of hostilities, a reduction of armaments, a guaranteed freedom of the seas, and international arbitration. The American President Woodrow Wilson was the only ruler who answered him, declaring peace impossible, though he afterwards adopted most of Benedict’s proposals for establishing peace as part of his 14 point peace plan. During and after the war, Benedict XV gave freely to the war’s victims–widows, orphans, and wounded–and established a bureau of communication for prisoners of war with their relatives. After the war he was widely honored for his efforts. Muslim Turkey erected a statue to him in Istanbul, honoring him as “the benefactor of all people, regardless of nation or creed.”


As regards his legacy to the Church, Pope Benedict XV was the first to gather together all the various laws of the Church into a unified, comprehensive Code of Canon Law which was not revised until the time of Pope John Paul II. Benedict XV was also zealous in his work to foster unity among all Christians, particularly between the Catholic Church and the various Eastern Orthodox Churches. To that end he established a new department in the Vatican called the Congregation for the Oriental Church as well as founding the Pontifical Oriental Institute of Studies and the Coptic College, both in Rome. He also enlarged the foreign mission field, and, in his first Encyclical, condemned errors in modern philosophical systems. His encyclical Spiritus Paraclitus is particularly notable for its encouragement of Catholic Biblical Studies, extolling St. Jerome as the great model of truly Catholic Scripture Scholarship who rigorously employs all the scientific tools available while approaching the text of the Bible prayerfully, remembering that it is indeed the inspired word of God. This holy successor of St. Peter died in 1922 and was succeeded by Pope Pius XI.