Christ, Crisis & Controversy – Grace, Freedom & Predestination in John 10

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In John 10, Jesus says that his sheep hear his voice.  But clearly, his words provoked controversy and crisis.  Some hung on his every word, others rejected them.  His words raise many questions about the role of predestination, grace, freedom, confidence and perseverance.  For the 4th Sunday of Easter, cycle C.

Hundreds of reviews of The Passion of the Christ appeared within a few weeks of the movie’s release in 2004.  The critics have seen the exact same movie, but their reactions to it were as different as night and day. Some praised it as an artistic masterpiece telling a story of profound love.  Others berated it as a product of judgmental and dangerous fanaticism.  I even heard one person say that the movie could not be the fruit of authentic spirituality because it sparked such division, and we all know that division is bad!

Crisis & Controversy in Jesus’ Ministry

What was the response to Jesus’ preaching, according to the New Testament?

Some who heard him were very impressed; others wanted to push him over a cliff (Luke 4:29).  The same was true for Paul and Barnabas during their missionary journeys.  They were hailed by some and run out of town by others.  Jesus summed it up quite clearly: “Do you think that I have come to give peace on earth?  No, I tell you, but rather division.”  (Lk 12: 51).

It was not that he really wanted to create strife.  His coming simply provoked a crisis.  Crisis means judgment, a situation that shows what people are truly made of.  Good and evil, black and white, really do exist, and they exist in the human heart.  Often we see things in such varying shades of grey that we don’t know where we and others truly stand.  A crisis forces everyone to show their true colors.

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My Sheep Hear my Voice

Paradoxically, you can’t recognize him when he appears unless you already belong to him. “My sheep hear my voice.  I know them, and they follow me” (John 10:27).

But how do people come to belong to him?  Are they predestined to belong to him?  Are others predestined to reject him?  Is there no free choice, then?

In John 6:44, Jesus says “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him.”

Faith & Grace

Regardless of what movie or miracle one may see, faith is necessary to recognize the presence and action of God.  And to respond to the presence and action of God with repentance and a changed life also requires faith.  And faith is supernatural.  We cannot manufacture it.  It is a gift that, once received, becomes a virtue, a power that enabling us to think, act, and be different.  But until it is received, we do not have it in us to recognize Christ as the divine savior and accept Him.

Grace, then, must even precede and enable our first baby steps in the Christian life.  It is all grace!


So does God want some people to go to hell and so withhold this grace of faith?  The Catholic Church on numerous occasions has clearly said no.  It says so because the Catholic Church is biblical.  Paul, in 1 Tim 2:4, says this: “God wants all to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.”  So the Church has always believed that God gives to each person, at least at one time in their life, sufficient grace to be saved.

Freedom & Perseverance

Grace is God’s free gift of empowering, healing, life-changing love. But here is the thing about it – God never forces it on anyone.  A person is always free to say “no thanks” at any time–when the initial gift is offered, or sometime after saying “yes” to the initial gift.  The Christian life is not about accepting this gift once at an altar call or on the day of your baptism or confirmation.  It is about saying yes each and every day, a persevering yes until your very last breath.  That’s why Paul and Barnabas exhorted their converts to “hold fast to the grace of God” (Acts 13:43).

God will never let go of his end of the rope that draws us upward to heaven.  But we can always choose to let go of our end.  No one can snatch us out of the Good Shepherd’s hand.  But we can let go of that hand.

Hope & Confidence

Confidence in God’s power and assurance of his love are both part of the Christian virtue of hope.  But reckless complacency is not the virtue of hope but rather the vice of presumption.  Our joyful assurance must be balanced with humble vigilance and prayer for the grace of perseverance, the grace to “hold fast” to his hand.

But what about the others who apparently don’t hear the shepherd’s voice? Is it God’s responsibility, because he has not given them grace, or their fault, because they’ve hardened their hearts?

That is really not our concern.  Our responsibility is to pray that God open the hearts of all, and that the witness of our lives and words would be an aid, rather than an obstacle, to those wrestling with the greatest decision of their lives.

This post focuses on crisis and controversy during the public ministry of Jesus, Paul, and Barnabas.  It reflects on what it means to hear the Shepherd’s voice and answers questions about grace, faith, freedom hope and perseverance.  It reflects on the readings for the 4th Sunday of Easter, cycle C (Acts 13:14, 43-52; Psalm 100; Revelation 7: 9, 14-17; John 10: 27-30).

Banner/featured image extracted from the painting Christ And The Rich Young Ruler by Heinrich Hofmann. Public domain.

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