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St. Cyril of Jerusalem

Saint Cyril of Jerusalm, Early Church Father and Doctor of the Church, and his Jerusalem CatechesesSt. Cyril of Jerusalem: Biography and Writings 

Early Church Father and Doctor of the Church

by Dr. Marcellino D'Ambrosio

 

(scroll down for a list of online writings) Life: St. Cyril of Jerusalem was born just about the time the Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire (313 AD) and became bishop of the Holy City of David about 349AD.  St. Cyril was banished from his Jerusalem see a total of three times for his bold proclamation of faith in Christ's full divinity during a time when many bishops and emperors favored various forms of the Arian heresy. 

 

Saint Cyril of Jerusalem is one of the most important sources we have for how the church celebrated the liturgy and sacraments during the first few decades after the legalization of Christianity.  In his famous 24 lectures commonly known as the  Jerusalem Catecheses (reproduced in their entirety below, but broken into two web pages),  Saint Cyril instructs new Christians in the days immediately before and after their initiation into the life of the Church at the Easter Vigil.  In these catechetical instructions, which are the only documents that survive by St. Cyril, we find very strong insistence on the value and efficacy of the sacrament of baptism as well as heavy emphasis on the real presence of Christ's body and blood in the sacrament of the Eucharist.  St. Cyril of Jerusalem is considered to be one of the Early Church Fathers and is also reckoned among the number of the Doctors of the Catholic Church.  The readings below in addition to complete set of lectures themselves are all short excerpts from some of the most notable of St. Cyril's catechetical instructions, arranged topically.

 

St. Cyril of Jerusalem died about 386AD, shortly after the First Council of Constantinople which completed the Creed often known as the Nicene Creed.  For an introduction to the Early Church Fathers, click here.  

 

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The Fathers of the Church - Who They Are and Why They MatterCD Fathers of the Church Early Church such as St. Cyril of Jerusalem

In a single, upbeat talk, full of examples and fascinating stories about some of the Church's most intriguing personalities, Marcellino D'Ambrosio explains who people are talking about when they refer to the "Fathers of the Church" or "Early Church Fathers.  Though the ranks of the fathers include a tremendous variety of cultures, locales, and personalities, there is surprising consensus that emerges from them on a variety of the most pressing questions of our day.  In this dynamic talk, Marcellino makes clear just how much these figures have to teach us. 

 


 

Psalms: School of Prayer 10 Week CD Set
 Psalms: The School of Prayer 10 Week CD Set This CD series contains the audio from the Psalms DVD series in which Jeff Cavins, Sarah Christmyer, and Dr. Tim Gray provide comprehensive teaching and commentary on the Psalms. Each 50-55 minute talk is designed to follow a lesson in the Psalms Study Set.

 

 



Title Category Excerpt Download
Anointing with chrism and the Holy Spirit -- Cyril of Jerusalem on Confirmation Early Church Fathers,
Easter Season,
Confirmation
Yes Download
Baptism is a Symbol of Christ's Passion - St. Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Easter Season,
Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Baptism
Yes Download
Holy Spirit as Living Water- St. Cyril of Jerusalem Easter Season,
Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Holy Spirit and the Gifts of the Spirit
Yes Download
Jerusalem Catecheses 1-12 Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Easter Season,
Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Baptism
No
Jerusalem Catecheses 12-24 Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Easter Season,
Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Baptism
No
Nicene and Apostles Creed--Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Baptism,
Evangelization,
Revelation and the Word of God
Yes Download
Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist in the Early Church--St. Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Easter Season,
Eucharist
Yes Download
The "Catholic" Church -- Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Church (ecclesiology)
Yes
Two Fold Coming of Christ - St. Cyril of Jerusalem Advent & Christmas Season Resources & Readings,
Incarnation -- God Becomes Man in Jesus Christ,
Revelation and the Word of God
Yes Download
Two Kinds of Faith--St. Cyril of Jerusalem Early Church Fathers,
Holy Spirit and the Gifts of the Spirit,
Virtues & Christian Character
Yes Download

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