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Old Testament

origen baptism as crossing the jordan river into the promised land joshua
Baptism Means Crossing the Jordan – Origen

Origen, commenting on the book of Joshua, shows that the early Church saw the sacrament of baptism not only as the crossing of the Red Sea, but also as the crossing of the Jordan River into the Promised Land....

gregory of nyssa - glory of the holy spirit
Glory of the Holy Spirit – Gregory of Nyssa

Gregory of Nyssa here identifies the glory that Jesus speaks about in the Last Supper discourse of the Gospel of John with the Holy Spirit, the source of Christian unity. He also sees a reference to the Holy Spirit in the Song of Songs...

melito of sardis on the Passover lamb Jesus Christ Easter Peri Pascha
On the Passover – Melito of Sardis

[dropcaps type='normal' font_size='100' color='' background_color='' border_color='']I[/dropcaps]ntroduction (1-10)1. First of all, the Scripture about the Hebrew Exodus has been read and the words of the mystery have been explained as to how the sheep was sacrificed and the people were saved.Therefore, understand this, O beloved:...

Day atonement good friday sacrifice Origen blood high priest towards the east Ad orientum
Good Friday, True Day of Atonement – Origen

Origen here shows how the Lord Jesus Christ is the true High Priest and sacrifice whose death occurs on Good Friday, the eternal Day of Atonement foreshadowed by the Yom Kippur of the Old Covenant. In this selection we also learn why the early...

man born blind sacraments from the lion of judah spittle spit mud John 9 4th fourth Sunday of Lent A uomo nato cieco fango sacramenti Leone quarta domenica di quaresima ciego de nacimiento sacramentos del León de Judá Saliva, barro y lodo
Man Born Blind, Sacraments & the Lion of Judah

The gospel story of the healing of the man born blind is notable for the method Jesus used to work this miracle - he made mud with spittle and clay and rubbed it on the man's eyes. This is a figure of the sacraments...

new & old covenant moses ten commandments irenaus decalogue exodus lent
Old and New Covenant – Irenaeus

With the coming of the New Covenant, much in the Old Law of Moses is rendered obsolete. But the Ten Commandments, otherwise known as the Decalogue, has eternal value, says St. Irenaeus, because it enshrines justice to God & neighbor....

La Cuaresma - Porque tiene cuarenta días La tentación de Jesús en el desierto
Fear of the Lord – Hilary of Poitiers

Hilary of Poitiers explains what the "Fear of the Lord" really means in Proverbs, Psalms and Wisdom literature of the Old Testament Scriptures. The Lord Jesus Christ is himself the way to the fear of the Lord that leads to perfect love....

law pedagogy ireneus covenant foreshadowings lent images preparation
Pedagogy of the Law – Irenaeus

Paul's concept of "pedagogy," further developed here by Irenaeus, holds that the whole period of the Old Testament with all its characters, events, and institutions, was a preparation for and foreshadowing of the fullness of revelation that was to come in Jesus Christ and his...

moses christ red sea baptism john Chrysostom Lent mystagogia
Moses and Christ – John Chrysostom

Here John Chrysostom contrasts the Red Sea with baptism, Moses with Christ, showing us that while Old Testament realities point forward to the events of the New Covenant, they cannot begin to equal them. ...

Gregory Nazianzen imitate God's generosity through stewardship and generous almsgiving lenten sacrifice abraham isaac mt. mount moriah transgifuration
Isaac, Abraham & the Meaning of Lenten Sacrifice

On the Second Sunday of Lent, the church places together the story of Abraham and Isaac on Mt. Moriah with the story of Jesus and three disciples on the Mount of Transfiguration.  Together, these stories teach us the meaning of Lenten sacrifice. [dropcaps type='normal' font_size='100' color=''...